“ Another question is if sex, this biological difference, might be factor that leads us to specific expert if we should look specifically for female expert. Why? Is it really sex that determines our position and our opinion and expertise? ”
Lenka Vochocová is a lecturer and researcher at the Department of Media Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague. She is focusing on gender media studies, political economy of communication and public sphere theory. She did a research about the opinion of journalists on gender issues.
She was cooperating with several non-governmental organisations which are fighting against discrimination of different social groups. We chose Vochocová because of all her activities are connected to gender and diversity issues. And she lived up to our expectations because we gained complex picture about the problem of representation of women in media contents. She confirmed that for media it is easier to have a list of experts who can call if they need. ´But they could try more I think´ she confirmed. According to her it is more and more complicated to change this practice because of lack of resources in journalism. People try to save money, energy and time. But she brought up a question if sex determines our position, opinion and expertise.
“ I think that journalists could be more innovative and less lazy in the moment of choice of expert. You can find some woman expert in every field.”
Daniela Drtinová is a Czech journalist and anchor of the private online television called DVTV. She used to work in the Czech television (ČT) for 21 years. She participated on several publicistic programmes in ČT (Interview ČT24, Události, komentáře) and also had her own programme called Interview Daniely Drtinové.
After her leaving from the Czech television she set up new television project DVTV with old colleagues from ČT which is focused on actual affairs in the Czech Republic. They make interviews with politicians and experts as well as reportages about current issues.
We chose to make an interview with Drtinová as she is one of the best and most famous woman journalists in the Czech Republic. She has experiences from both media sector – public service and private so we considered her to be the right person to talk about woman expert´s figure in the Czech media. She acquainted us with the way they choose experts for interviews and emphasized the editor´s power of final choice.
“ We would like to prefer women but it is not often easy.”
Hana Andělová is a chief script editor of the publicistic debate programme Otázky Václava Moravce on the channel 1 of the Czech television (ČT1). Andělová and her team prepare every week two hours programme focused on the current issues in the Czech Republic. Their guests are politicians as well as experts from different fields.
As the show is broadcast on public service television, they are obligated to invite representatives of all political parties or sides of conflict. As a public service programme they should respect social diversity in their broadcast. According to Andělová, eighteen percent of guests this year were women, the rest were men. Even though the difference between man and woman representation in their show is big, she say that they reflect Czech political scene and social life and the Czech government has only eighteen percent of women. ´Of course we prefer to invite women but if you have a man and a woman expert and you see that man expert will be better for the scene and he has better works and he wrote more and better articles so you have to invite man´ she added.
“It is a problem of ´journalist´s notepads´. There is a certain group of experts who are willing to communicate with media and they are the part of that journalistic list that every editorial board or journalist has. It is easier to contact these people.“
Jaromír Volek is a senior lecturer at the Department of Media Studies and Journalism, at the Faculty of Social Studies of the Masaryk University in Brno. He is focusing on the studies of television, theory of media audiences and sociology of mass media. He is often invited into Czech media as an expert on the media realm.
He determined the expert term, gave us an explanation of experts figure in Czech media and clarified why Czech media work with limited circle of opinion leaders. According to him man expert´s figure is used two times more often in media contents than woman expert´s figure. He interprets this fact as a consequence of demanding journalistic work – quick decision making, certain idea about required media content, availability and communication skills of a guest (expert).
» Les femmes représentent la moitié de l’humanité, mais en terme d’expertise seulement 18% »
Brigitte Grésy est membre du conseil supérieur de l’égalité professionnelle entre les femmes et les hommes en France. Dans le cadre de l’institution, cette énarque lutte contre les stéréotypes sexistes et la répartition des rôles sociaux. Auteure d’un rapport sur l’image des femmes dans les médias en 2008, elle s’intéresse à la question des expertes en 2011 en tant que rapporteur puis vice-présidente de la commission sur l’image des femmes dans les médias. Son regard critique sur la question nous a permis de comprendre les mécanismes discriminatoires qui s’opèrent dans les médias, mais aussi d’apporter des solutions grâce à une méthodologie simple et rigoureuse proposée aux médias.
« Une femme c’est un regard différent, une autre sensibilité sur le monde et la société »
Arlette Chabot est une journaliste française inscrite dans le paysage médiatique depuis quarante ans. Après avoir longtemps interviewé des experts durant sa carrière, elle est aujourd’hui régulièrement conviée pour exprimer sa vision des choses. Cette « journaliste-experte » nous explique, grâce à son expérience personnelle et professionnelle, comment les choses se passent sur le terrain où bien souvent le plateau de télévision, ou le studio radio, se transforment en arène. Une guerre de pouvoir dominée par les hommes à l’intérieure de laquelle les femmes tentent de trouver leur place en usant souvent des codes de leurs alter ego masculins.